The major recommended parts of Tawaf state that the pilgrim must kiss the black stone…
What is the history of Safa and Marwa in Islam?
Safa and Marwa are one of the major rituals of Hajj followed by every Muslims to accomplish their Hajj pilgrimage. Generally, this ritual is practiced by running back and forth in the tiny hills of Safa and Marwa sited at Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The journey of Sai begins from Safa and is finished at reaching Marwa that is located at a distance of 100 meters from Kaaba. However, the distance between Safa and Marwa is comparatively more than that from Kaaba and Safa. The distance between these two hills is estimated to be 450 kilometers and it is necessitated for pilgrims to take seven circuits between the same which makes it a total of 3.15 kilometer.
According to the Islamic history, Ibrahim was ordered by Allah to leave his wife Hager and son Ismail in a desert (the place is now known as Safa and Marwa). However, when the basic provision of Hager diminished, she went to search for water to protect the life of her son. In order, to ease her search for water, she left Ismail in the desert and ascended to Safa. With not finding the desired supplement, she then climbed Marwa for the same. Though she could spot her son while being in the hills of Safa and Marwa, Hager was unable to observe Ismail while she was in between the hills. That is why she ran to the hillsides again to examine if her son was safe and alive.
She was entailed in this activity for seven trials and thus, Allah sent Jibril in the earth and rewarded Hager’s patience by granting her the fresh spring of water to accomplish the thirst of Ismail. Hence, every pilgrim pays a visit to Safa and Marwa and walk back and forth to honor Hager’s efforts and patience.