The picture on the left is Maqbaratul Baqee is the main cemetery of Madinah. Buried there are many members of the Prophet’s (s.a.w.) close family, around ten thousand of his companions (Sahabah) and many prominent, pious personalities.
Jannat ul Baqee (heaven of land or garden of land) was formerly known as Baqee al Gharqad (land of Gharqad) because of thorny bushes Gharqad. This place was chosen by Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم to be graveyard for Muslims in Madinah. This place is near Masjid Nabwi and Roza Rasool.
This place was given the status of main graveyards of Madinah for Muslims right after migration when an ansari sahaba As ‘ad Bin Zararah رضي الله عنه passed away. He was the first one to be buried here from Ansar, and Uthman bin Maz'oon was the first from Muhajir Sahaba, and was foster brother of Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم.
In Sahih Al-Muslim it is reported by Aisha رضي الله عنها that whenever it was her turn for Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم to spend night he would go out towards the end of the night to al-Baqi and say: “Peace be upon you, abode of a people who are believers. What you were promised would come to you tomorrow, you receiving it after some delay; and God willing we shall join you. O Allah, grant forgiveness to the inhabitants of Baqi al-Gharqad.” [Muslim]
In Sahih al-Muslim one more hadith that is narrated by Mohammed bin Qais states the same as above with addition that Aisha رضي الله عنها asked: Messenger of Allah, how should I pray for them (How should I beg forgiveness for them)? He said: Say, Peace be upon the inhabitants of this city (graveyard) from among the Believers and the Muslims, and may Allah have mercy on those who have gone ahead of us, and those who come later on, and we shall, God willing, join you.
At first there used to be a Jewish graveyard behind Jannat ul-Baqee. Hazrat Uthman bin Affan رضي الله عنه was buried, in this Jewish graveyard. When Muawiyyah, first Umayyad Caliph, took charge he expanded baqee in order to honor Uthman bin Affan and merged the huge Jewish graveyard in baqee, and built the first dome over the grave of Uthman bin Affan.
This dome and many others in baqee, maula in Makkah, and other shrines in and around Makkah and Madina were demolished under the reign of King ibn Saud in 1344 A.H.
Several family members of Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم, several thousands of his sahaba and many other noble and high prestige Muslims are buried here. Some of them are mentioned below.
1. Halimah the foster-mother and wet nurse of Muhammad.
2. All of the wives of Muhammad, except Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, who is buried in Jannatul Mualla in Mecca
3. Ibrahim, Muhammad's son by Maria al-Qibtiyya, died in infancy
4. Roqayyah, Umm Kulthum and Zainab daughters of Muhammad and Khadijah
5. Fatima, the daughter of Muhammad is purportedly buried there, though the location of her grave is disputed.
6. Fatima bint al-Asad, aunt of Muhammad and mother of Caliph and Imam Ali.
7. ‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, uncle of Muhammad.
8. Imam Hasan ibn Ali, grandson of Muhammad, son of Fatimah and Imam Ali.
9. Imam Zayn al-Abidin, grandson of Fatima Zahra who is the only adult male that survived the Battle of Karbala because he was sick and could not fight.
10. Imam Muhammad al-Baqir, son of ‘Alī ibn Ḥusayn,
11. Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq, son of Muhammad al-Baqir,
12. Uthman ibn Affan, companion of Muhammad and third Caliph.
13. Uthman Bin Mazoun, companion of Muhammad
14. Abu Sa‘id al-Khudri
15. Malik ibn Anas, Islamic jurist
16. Nafi‘ al-Madani, one of Ten Readers of Quran