Mount Uhud and site of battle
The picture on the left is Mount Uhud, in front of which the second battle in Islam (the Battle of Uhud) took place in 3 AH. Of this mountain the Prophet (s.a.w.) declared, “This mountain loves us and we love it.” [Muslim]
The largest mountain range in North of Madinah is Uhud. It consists of a group of mountains that extends from the east to the west with a length of seven kilometers and width is almost three kilometers, which lies at a distance of 5km from Masjid Nabwi.
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم loved this mountain and would declare this love by saying: "Uhud is a mountain which loves us and which we love.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
This Mount is related to a historic Islamic Battle between Quraish of Makkah and Muslims of Madinah. This was the second military encounter between these forces. Makkans wanted a revenge for Badr Battle, this plan of attack was told to Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم and he decided not to let Quraish enter Madinah to fight, instead they should meet outside the city.
The two armies met each other in Valley of Uhud among these Uhud mountains, Quraish under command of Abu Sufiyan, Ikrama bin Abi Jahl and Khalid Bin Waleed; while Muslims were under command of Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم along with Zubair bin al-Awwam (r.a.), Mundhir bin Amr (r.a.) and Hamza رضي الله عنه. Musa'b bin Umair رضي الله عنه was the standard bearer.
Some archers were instructed to position on Mountain as to protect attack from that side, but they disobeyed as they thought the battle was over and the backs of the fighters were exposed and the polytheists killed many Muslims. Indeed we belong to Allah, and indeed to Him we will return.
This disobeying of archers costs some big losses to Muslims, Hamza رضي الله عنه and Musa'b bin Umair رضي الله عنه were killed, while Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم Himself got injured and bleed heavily due to damage to helmet. After this Muslims had to withdraw from there and Quraish didn’t pursue more and returned to Makkah declaring victory.
An important incident took place in this battle, Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم and his companions at a point during fight took shelter on the mount uhud and it shook, so The Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم, said:
“O Uhud, be firm, for upon you there is none but a Prophet, a Siddeeq [an affirmer of the truth] and two martyrs.”[Al-Bukhari]
Mount Uhud is also used in many similes and examples, some of them are:
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said about the legs of Ibn Mas‘ood رضي الله عنه:“By Him in whose Hand my soul is, they are heavier in the scale than Mount Uhud.”[At-Tayaalisi]
The Prophetصلى الله عليه وآله وسلم, said: “If you had an amount of gold equal to that of Mount Uhud and you spent it in the cause of Allah, Allah would not accept it from you until you believe in fate.”[Ahmad]
“It would not please me to have an amount of gold equal to that of Mount Uhud and die while having one or half a dinar of it except for a creditor.”[Ad-Daarimi]
In order to show the reward of the Funeral Prayer, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said: “The one who performs the Funeral Prayer will get a Qiraat [in reward], and the one who witnesses it until the dead is buried will get two Qiraats. By Him in whose Hands the soul of Muhammad is, the Qiraat is greater than this [Mount] Uhud.” [Ibn Maajah]