Martyrs of Uhud
The picture on the left is at the foot of Mount Uhud contains in the centre the graves of Hamza (r.a.), Abdullah bin Jahsh (r.a.) and Mus’ab bin Umair (r.a.) who were all martyred in the Battle of Uhud. The rest of the martyrs of Uhud are buried behind this enclosure.
After the humiliating defeat in Battle of Badr, Quraish of Makkah were very furious and instantly they started planning on another attack. Right after 13 months of Badr in Shawwal, 3AH, with a huge army they attacked Muslims in Battle of Uhud.
This battle was the result of defeat and also because Abi Suffiyan lost his son in Battle of Badr, who was killed by Hamza رضي الله عنه, uncle of Prophet (PBUH). Hind, wife of Abu Suffiyan was very angry and was burning with fire of revenge. Once she saw a slave, Wehshi, displaying his amazing skills of javelin. She promised to set him free if he would kill Hamza رضي الله عنه.
One day news came to Prophet (PBUH) that Quraish are planning an attack on madinah with army of 3000 men with 300 camels, 200 horses and 700 coats of mail. A female wing headed by Hind, wife of Abu Sufiyan. Abu Sufiyan as commander in chief, the left and right flanks were commanded by Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl and Khalid bin Waleed respectively.Along with Amr ibn al-As as the commander of cavalry.
About 1000 Muslim men left Madinah for meeting their in the valley of uhud. While on their way Prophet got the news that Abd'Allah bin Ubayy, the chief of khazraj tribe, has retreated his army and is now not supporting in the battle.Now numbering 700 Muslim men reached the valley of uhud ahead of Quraish and they were assemble such that mount uhud was on their back, and 50 archers under Abdullah bin Jubair رضي الله عنه were positioned on hill and strictly instructed not to move in any condition. Prophet was commander in chief with Zubair bin al-Awwam رضي الله عنه and Mundhir bin Amr رضي الله عنه were in charge of left and right wing. Hamza رضي الله عنه, the uncle of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم was advance guard, Mus’ab bin Umair رضي الله عنه was the standard-bearer of Islam and Abu Dujanah رضي الله عنه was fortunate enough to receive the Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم sword (which was known as Zulfikar).
The Muslim soldier attacked on the 11 standard bearers of pagans and wiped them. Abu Dujanah and Hamza were in main attack, but unfortunately Hamza was killed by Wehshi. Despite this loss Muslims continue with great courage and managed to overcome them. The pagan started to retire, seeing that the archers thought the fight was, and left their positions.
This vacuum on the hill was noticed by Khalid bin Waleed and he took his men and attacked again. This was now a close fight and Muslims got surrounded which created chaos and panic.
This resulted in many losses, Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم got hurt, fell on his side and chipped his tooth also hurting his lower lip, helmet got damaged that created bleeding. Musa'b bin Umair got Killed, since he resembled Prophet, rumour got up that pagans have slain Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم. This rumour increased the panic in Muslims some retired and some fought when Ka'ab bin Malik رضي الله عنه saw Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم covered in Blood and announced that prophet is alive.
Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم asked the Muslims to retire the field as a decision of wisdom, in order to avoid any more loss and to save them. Muslim victory turned into a mishap due to disobedience.